National Sunday Law: Fact or Fiction? 2nd Edition
The Mark of the Beast?
By Dirk Anderson, 2022
In 1847, Ellen White wrote:
I saw that the number (666) of the image beast was made up; and that it was the beast that changed the Sabbath and the image beast followed on after and kept the Pope's, and not God's Sabbath. And all we were required to do, was to give up God's Sabbath and keep the Pope's and then we should have the mark of the beast and of his image.1
Fifty years later, in 1897, SDA pioneer Uriah Smith reiterated the SDA stance that the pope's Sabbath is the mark of the beast:
This change of the fourth commandment must therefore be the change to which the prophecy points, and the Sunday sabbath must be the mark of the beast!2
In 1893, Mrs. White wrote:
John was called to behold a people distinct from those who worship the Beast and his image by keeping the first day of the week. The observance of this day is the mark of the Beast.3
How does one obtain the mark of the beast? According to Seventh-day Adventists, it is by observance of Sunday. How does one observe Sunday? Mrs. White makes that perfectly clear:
If the light of truth has been presented to you, revealing the Sabbath of the fourth commandment, and showing that there is no foundation in the Word of God for Sunday observance, and yet you still cling to the false sabbath, refusing to keep holy the Sabbath which God calls "My holy day," you receive the mark of the beast. When does this take place? When you obey the decree that commands you to cease from labor on Sunday and worship God, while you know that there is not a word in the Bible showing Sunday to be other than a common working day, you consent to receive the mark of the beast, and refuse the seal of God.4
Notice carefully that in order to receive the mark of the beast one must:
In the 1800s, a small number of Seventh-day Adventists managed to get themselves arrested and imprisoned for brief durations for violating laws forbidding work on Sunday. Two of their publishing houses, one in London and one in Basil, Switzerland, were closed for disregarding Sunday laws and laws regulating the hours of female labor. At this time in SDA history, many Seventh-day Adventists regarded ceasing from labor on Sunday as a violation of the Fourth Commandment. The reason behind their refusal to cease from work is found in Exodus 20:9, "Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work." They interpreted this to mean they were under a requirement from God to work six days a week. Therefore, they felt it was a violation of God's commandment and a renunciation of their faith to cease from working on Sunday.
A rift in the sect developed on this subject. Some in the sect questioned the necessity of purposely inciting local authorities by working on Sunday. They proposed that SDA members comply with the local laws forbidding Sunday labor. Finally, a small crisis in Australia in the early 1900s brought the issue to a head. A law was enacted requiring the closing of certain businesses, including publishing houses, in Melbourne, Australia on Sundays. After receiving notice of the law, the SDA managers continued to operate their publishing facility for three Sundays. Finally, local authorities threatened them with arrest. SDA corporate leaders were now faced with a decision. Was it worth being arrested to prove their point about working six days a week? The SDA leaders turned to their prophetess Ellen White, who provided a testimony from God to solve the problem:
The light given me by the Lord at a time when we were expecting just such a crisis as you seem to be approaching was that when the people were moved by a power from beneath to enforce Sunday observance, Seventh-day Adventists were to show their wisdom by refraining from their ordinary work on that day, devoting it to missionary effort.
Notice that Mrs. White directs SDAs to keep Sunday the same way all conscientious Sunday observers do! She instructs them to hold religious "meetings" and do "missionary work!" They are to refrain "from their ordinary work on that day." Furthermore, the prophetess told them that "this way of spending Sunday is always acceptable to the Lord."
It appears that the threat of arrest was enough to convert the SDA prophetess to Sunday observance! In 1893, she claimed that one receives the Mark of the Beast when they "cease from labor on Sunday." By 1902, she had abandoned that position, saying instead that holding religious meetings, refraining from ordinary work, and doing missionary work is an acceptable way for Seventh-day Adventists to spend Sunday. Therefore, if it is acceptable to God for SDAs to do so, then it must also be acceptable for Baptists, Catholics, Methodists, Lutherans, Pentecostals, Presbyterians, and other Christians to do the same. How could Sunday-keeping Christians receive the mark of the beast for observing Sunday when God's prophet said that this type of Sunday observance is "acceptable to the Lord?" If Sunday-keeping Christians receive the Mark of the Beast for spending Sunday in religious meetings and doing missionary work, it logically follows that Seventh-day Adventists will also receive the mark of the beast for doing the same!
If the SDA sect follows the counsel of their prophet, how will they ever possibly be persecuted for violating the Sunday law? What reason could Sunday-keepers possibly invent to justify persecuting and killing fellow Christians who are holding religious meetings and doing missionary work on Sunday? Since Seventh-day Adventists will be holding religious meetings and doing missionary work on Sunday, it will be impossible to distinguish them from Sunday worshippers! Therefore, it will be impossible to arrest them and impossible to prosecute them.
Why should any SDA fear persecution from a future Sunday law? They have already been given instructions that will prevent them from ever being persecuted for working on Sunday. This testimony invalidates the entire Great Controversy scenario of Sabbath-keepers being persecuted for not worshipping on Sunday. If a Sunday law is ever passed, Seventh-day Adventists do not need to worry about going and hiding in the woods or mountains. All they need to do to avoid persecution is to hold religious meetings on Sunday and perform missionary work. The authorities will see that the Seventh-day Adventists are doing the exact same thing the Baptists next door are doing. Therefore, there will be no arrests and no persecution. It will be a non-event.
Did Ellen White a Convert to "Worldly Policy"?
Years before the Sunday law incidents in Australia, Ellen White made this statement:
There is a prospect before us of a continued struggle, at the risk of imprisonment, loss of property, and even of life itself, to defend the law of God, which is made void by the laws of men. In this situation worldly policy will urge an outward compliance with the laws of the land, for the sake of peace and harmony.6
Did Ellen White adopt a "worldly policy" when she urged "an outward compliance with the laws of the land, for the sake of peace and harmony?"
In Daniel 3, a story is told of a golden image of king Nebuchadnezzar that had been set up on in Babylon on the plain of Dura. Of all the people who assembled that day before the image, only three Hebrews refused to bow down. Certainly, there were many other Hebrews present in that vast crowd. What happened to them? Why didn't they remain standing like Daniel's three friends? There were probably plenty of Hebrews on the plain of Dura that morning that acted the same way as the SDA leaders did in Australia. They compromised. The book of Daniel does not mention the names of the Hebrews who bowed because they are not worth mentioning. Only those who have the determination to stand up for what they believe—even at the risk of their lives—are worth mentioning. True Christians do not try and see how close they can appear to non-Christians so that they can avoid detection. True Christians stand up for what they believe. Ellen White and her associates backed down on the Sunday law issue after they concluded it was not an issue worth getting arrested over. There are only two possible reasons for this: Either Sunday laws are not the Mark of the Beast, or, the church's prophet and its corporate leaders compromised their values. Which was it? You decide.
1. Ellen G. White, A Word to the Little Flock, p. 19 (1847).
2. Uriah Smith, Daniel and the Revelation, p. 606, 1897 edition.
3. Ellen G. White, Testimonies to Ministers and Gospel Workers, page 133.
4. Ellen G. White, SDA Bible Commentary, vol. 7, p. 980.
5. Ellen G. White, Testimonies, vol. 9 pp. 232, 238. The testimony was written in 1902 to Elder Irwin who was in Australia at that time (see Report of Progress, December 3, 1907).
6. Ellen G. White, Testimonies, vol. 5, (1882), p. 712.
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